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Pre-school Curriculum

We broadly follow the UK Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum, with some adjustments to suit the needs of Sudanese children. This means we teach the following learning areas; Personal, Social and Emotional Development, Literacy, Communication and Language, Creative Design, Physical Development, Numeracy and Knowledge and Understanding of the World. In addition the children will learn Islamic Studies and Arabic. Every year we increase the responsibilities at school for the children so they learn independence. For pre-school children, parents will be given weekly feedback about their child's progress. Parent-teacher meetings will be held twice a year. Legacy has a mission - to reintroduce books into Sudanese houses and get our children reading again. From Nursery the children will take a library book home every week.

Primary School curriculum

Our core curriculum for Year One onwards will be a mixture between the Sudanese and British curricula and will include: English, Science, Maths, Arabic, Religion, Art and Crafts, Physical Education (P.E.), Social Studies and ICT. Geography is formally introduced in Year Two. History as part of Social Studies in Year Three. We hope to introduce French in Year Four. Extra-curricular activities include: gymnastics, football, music and photography. Tennis and swimming are part of our school activities in Reception, Year One and Year Two classes respectively.



Our school uses a model similar to the Canadian immersion technique to ensure our students are fluent in both Arabic and English. In the pre-school classes we focus mainly on English being the teaching language of the school. The children learn to read in English in Pre-Reception and then learn to read in Arabic in Reception, when it is introduced first as a separate subject. In Year One, both Arabic and English will be given priority with competitions and drama/music performances in both languages. We will follow a hybrid version of the Saudi, Sudanese and Jordanian Arabic language curricula as well as the English Key Stage syllabus. French will be the third language we offer within our teaching hours, which we plan to introduce in Year Four to ensure our students reach a superior fluency level in reading and writing in Arabic and English before introducing a third language. We also hope to offer an option of after-school study of other languages (e.g. Chinese) if there is demand. We will have a partner school in the UK which will enable our children of a writing age to have a pen pal to broaden their cultural horizons and improve their writing skills in English and will implement a similar pen pal system in Arabic with another Sudanese school outside Khartoum state so the children broaden their understanding about their own country too.


In history students will learn first about Sudan, the Islamic and the ancient empires. In later years they will focus on major world events, eras and prominent figures to give them an overview of how the modern world was shaped. In the primary years the children will learn about prominent Sudanese and Islamic historical figures through role playing and projects. Eventually students will learn how to assess significant historic events and use and evaluate a variety of sources to prepare them for university study and beyond. Our syllabus will take the children through to the IGCSE Modern World History course, where they will learn about key eras/events which shaped the modern world including WWII and the rise of Nazism, Apartheid in South Africa, Gandhi's non-violent resistance movement, Russia's Communist Revolution, China's Cultural Revolution, the U.S. Civil Rights movement and Superpower Relations. (These subjects may change dependent on changes to the IGCSE curriculum.)


The school will broadly follow the governmental curriculum for religion i.e. Qur'an and Fiqh. If your child is not Muslim then please contact the office to make alternative class arrangements. Students will be taught how to pray and the school will pray Dhuhr prayers together from Year One onwards. In pre-school we teach not only Qur’an but stories about how Islam relates to their every day life.


In their early years children will learn about their immediate environment in Khartoum and Sudan as a precursor to formal geography classes introduced in Year Two. Rivers, farming and the weather will be the focus here. Children will learn about the concept of change through seasons and weather and the concept of place through trips and videos. They will learn about environmental responsibility, i.e. conserving water and electricity and learn to ask questions like 'where does my food come from?'


We follow the UK Key Stage curriculum for Science with younger years learning about where food comes from, diet and lifestyle, electricity and momentum. We will use practical experiments to teach about living things and how to observe, measure and record data. Habitats and plant life, different materials and how they are made, forces and motion, light and sound and the basic concept of space will be taught in the earlier years using interactive and teaching methods. From Year Nine, we will follow the syllabus working towards the double award Science IGCSE course and children will have access to a science lab to ensure practical understanding of experiments and learn to develop and test hypotheses to further theoretical thinking.


Legacy uses a very interactive and practical approach to mathematics from pre-school. From Year One and above we follow the Singapore maths teaching methods, which utilise a concrete, pictorial, abstract technique to teaching. This enables more advanced levels of deduction and increases the logical prowess of the children. It is a technique that favours mastery not memorisation, learning concepts, not memorising for an exam. It involves a deeper level of problem solving than traditional math systems. The technique focuses on mental strategies and pattern recognition to build a solid foundation in math.


Even from Nursery class, students will be exposed to web-based activities to keep our students at pace with the ever-changing world of technology. While we educate our children as to the dangers of too much technology, children must learn how to use technology wisely to be part of the global community. Each pre-school classroom is equipped with a laptop and television to allow the use of an interactive whiteboard for teaching. From Year One, ICT will be introduced as a separate subject where students will learn about computers, the Internet, computer coding and practical applications such as using Microsoft Office software and email, essentials for their future studies and work.


In our younger years we will be teaching the children on basic instruments like the recorder, keyboard and drums. Singing and music will be an integral part of our teaching especially in the younger classes and we will introduce music theory classes later on from Year One as an optional activity. Students will then be given the opportunity to learn an instrument if they choose. If you would like your child to begin learning an instrument before this age then the school will help to make arrangements for this to take place.


From the earliest pre-school years art and craft will be used as part of our teaching. Pre-schoolers will create art displays based on the topics they are learning and use sand, water, painting, drawing, play dough, craft and building materials as mediums to express themselves. Separate art lessons will begin in Year One and will draw out the creative sides of our students. We will host our own exhibitions for our children to display their work.

Physical Education (P.E.)

Learning to exercise regularly while young is a vital way to prevent diabetes and heart disease –both of which have become a major problem in Sudan. Sport is an important and under-developed aspect of education in Sudan. Children learn teamwork and strategic thinking from playing competitive sports and we will arrange inter-school competitions as we grow. Parents are invited to join our annual Sport Day. Students will learn to play basketball, soccer (football), badminton and gymnastics. Swimming and off-site tennis are also part of our activities. Children will be exposed to horse riding too.